Steps to Take When You Experience Migraine Prodrome


Migraine can be incredibly debilitating, impacting your daily life and productivity. Recognizing the early symptoms of a migraine attack, also known as the prodrome phase, can be crucial in managing and potentially preventing a full-blown attack. Early symptoms might include sensitivity to light and sound, changes in appetite, and other subtle signals. Knowing what to do when these symptoms appear can make a significant difference in how you cope with migraines.

Common Migraine Prodromes

The prodrome phase can present various symptoms that serve as warning signs of an impending migraine. These symptoms include:

  • Sensitivity to Light: Increased discomfort or pain from bright lights.
  • Sensitivity to Sound: Heightened sensitivity to everyday sounds.
  • Changes in Appetite: Cravings or lack of interest in food.
  • Sensitivity: General increased sensitivity to touch or other stimuli.
  • Changes in Energy Levels: Feeling unusually energized or fatigued.
  • Fatigue: An overwhelming sense of tiredness.
  • Yawning: Frequent yawning not necessarily due to tiredness.
  • Neck Pain: Stiffness or discomfort in the neck area.
  • Nausea: Feeling queasy or having an upset stomach.
  • Mood Changes: Unexplained mood swings, such as irritability or depression.

Steps to Take When You Recognize Early Migraine Symptoms

  1. Take Medication: If you have been prescribed acute medication for migraines, take it as soon as you notice early symptoms (prodrome) to potentially prevent the migraine from progressing [5].
  2. Create a Calm Environment: Rest in a dark, quiet room to reduce sensory stimulation. This can help prevent the migraine from getting worse [2].
  3. Hydrate and Eat: Drink water to stay hydrated and eat a small snack if you haven’t eaten recently. Dehydration and low blood sugar can trigger or exacerbate migraine symptoms [3].
  4. Relaxation Techniques: Practice relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or taking a warm shower or bath to help relieve stress and tension [4].
  5. Caffeine: In small amounts, caffeine can help relieve migraine pain in the early stages. However, be careful not to consume too much as it can lead to rebound headaches [4].
  6. Monitor and Record: Keep track of your symptoms and triggers in a diary. This can help you and your healthcare provider manage and understand your migraine patterns better [1].


Dealing with migraines is challenging, but recognizing and acting upon the early symptoms can make a significant difference. By taking immediate action, such as using prescribed medications, creating a calming environment, and practicing relaxation techniques, you can potentially reduce the severity and duration of a migraine attack. Additionally, keeping a detailed record of your symptoms and triggers can aid in long-term management and prevention. Implementing these strategies can help you take control of your migraines and improve your quality of life.


  1. – The Timeline of a Migraine Attack
  2. – Understanding and Recognizing Pre-Migraine Symptoms
  3. – How To Spot Migraine Symptoms Early So You Can Take Action Sooner
  4. – Migraines: Simple steps to head off the pain
  5. – Migraine Prodrome: Symptoms and Prevention
Jenny from Migraine Buddy

You Will Also Like

Back to Blog

Leave your mobile to get a link to download the app