The different Types of Migraines

Hemiplegic Migraines

The symptoms of hemiplegic migraines are often similar to those of stroke including paralysis, speech disturbances and weakness on one side of the body.
The two types of hemiplegic migraines are:

  • Familial Hemiplegic Migraines (FHM): FHM are genetically inherited migraines which you have a higher chance of developing if you have a parent of sibling with FHM.

  • Sporadic Hemiplegic Migraine (SHM): SHM are hemiplegic migraine experienced by a person who doesn’t have a family history of hemiplegic migraines.

Ophthalmic/ Ocular Migraines

Ophthalmic migraine are often known as retinal migraines and are characterized by symptoms which include visual disturbances , blind spots and blindness in one eye. These symptoms last about a minute before the migraine begins

Ophthalmoplegic Migraines

These are more common in young children and adolescents. Ophthalmoplegic Migraine causes severe pain behind the eye, double vision, droopy eye lid and often vomiting and seizures.

Menstrual Migraines

Menstrual migraines are caused by fluxes in hormones during menstruation. Often symptoms can occur during menstruation or before it begins as well.

Basilar Migraines

It is believed that basilar migraine occurs due to hormonal changes as it happens more frequently in adolescent and young girls. Symptoms include vertigo or dizziness, slurred speech and loss of consciousness.

Vestibular Migraines

Vestibular migraines, often known as migrainous vertigo, are migraines accompanied by vertigo, dizziness and imbalance. Vestibular migraine sufferers may feel the room spinning during the attack as well as feel like they are moving when they are not.

Abdominal Migraines

Abdominal migraines, as the name suggests, are characterized by pain in the abdomen and occur more frequently in young children and symptoms can last up to three days. The symptoms include nausea and vomiting, dizziness. Children who experience migraines can often experience delayed development.

Chronic Migraines

People who experience 15 or more migraines a month suffer from chronic migraines. They can often be a result of medication overuse. Chronic migraines are incredibly disabling and those who suffer from them tend to lose out on more days from work, school, sports and other daily activities.

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