Migraine and Hydration: The Importance of Water Intake

Migraine and Hydration: The Importance of Water Intake


As a migraine sufferer, I have personally experienced the impact of hydration on migraine attacks. Dehydration has been identified as one of the triggers for migraine attacks, making it crucial to prioritize adequate water intake. In this article, we will explore the link between hydration and migraine attacks, the role of water in maintaining bodily functions, the benefits of tracking hydration for migraine management, and tips for successful hydration tracking.

Why is hydration important for migraine sufferers?

Dehydration serves as a trigger for migraine attacks. When the body lacks sufficient water, it affects various bodily functions, including the brain’s well-being. Water plays a vital role in maintaining these functions:

  • Proper circulation and oxygen delivery to the brain: Water aids in the transportation of oxygen and nutrients to the brain, ensuring its optimal functioning.
  • Regulation of body temperature: Dehydration can lead to increased body temperature, which can trigger migraine attacks in some individuals. For example, during hot weather or intense physical activity, the body loses more water through sweat, making it essential to replenish the lost fluids.
  • Removal of toxins and waste products: Water acts as a natural detoxifier, flushing out toxins and waste products from the body. Accumulation of these substances can contribute to migraine attacks.

Dehydration not only affects migraine attacks but also impacts overall health and well-being. Some common symptoms of dehydration include fatigue, lethargy, and impaired cognitive function.

How to track hydration levels

Tracking water intake is essential to understand individual hydration needs and identify patterns and triggers. There are various methods for tracking hydration:

  • Classic methods: One effective way is to drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day. Using water bottles to measure and track water intake can also be helpful.
  • Monitoring apps and wearable devices: Technology has made it easier to monitor hydration levels. There are several apps and wearable devices available that can track water intake and provide reminders to drink water. For example, some apps allow you to set hydration goals and send notifications when it’s time to drink water.
  • Keeping a journal or diary: Some individuals prefer to keep a journal or diary to record their daily water intake and assess its impact on migraine attacks. This method allows for more detailed tracking and the ability to note any specific factors, such as caffeine or alcohol consumption, that may affect hydration levels.

The benefits of tracking hydration for migraine management

Tracking hydration can bring several benefits to migraine management:

  • Easier identification of hydration-related migraine triggers: By tracking water intake, individuals can identify if there is a correlation between dehydration and the occurrence of migraine attacks. For example, keeping a record of water intake and migraine episodes can help pinpoint certain days or periods when hydration was inadequate, leading to migraine attacks.
  • Maintaining a consistent hydration routine: Tracking hydration helps establish daily water intake goals and ensure regular consumption throughout the day, reducing the risk of dehydration-triggered migraine attacks. This consistency in hydration levels can contribute to more stable and predictable migraine patterns.
  • Tracking the impact of hydration on migraine frequency and severity: By monitoring water intake and its correlation with migraine occurrence and intensity, individuals can understand the role of hydration in their condition and identify other triggers that may result in dehydration, such as caffeine or alcohol consumption. For example, someone may notice that on days when they consume more coffee or alcohol, their hydration levels decrease, leading to an increased risk of migraine attacks.

Challenges and considerations when tracking hydration

While tracking hydration is beneficial, it is essential to be aware of potential challenges and considerations:

  • Overhydration: Finding the right balance is crucial, as excessive water intake can lead to overhydration, which has its own risks and symptoms. It is important to listen to your body’s signals and avoid forcing excessive amounts of water.
  • External factors influencing hydration needs: Factors such as exercise, climate, and certain medications may influence an individual’s hydration needs. For example, engaging in intense physical activity or taking diuretic medications can increase water loss and require higher water intake.
  • Individual differences: Hydration needs can vary depending on factors such as age, weight, and existing health conditions. It is important to consider these differences when tracking hydration. For instance, older adults may have a reduced sense of thirst, making it necessary to be proactive in ensuring adequate hydration.

Tips for successful hydration tracking

Here are some tips to ensure successful hydration tracking:

  • Set realistic goals and reminders for water intake: Establish a daily water intake goal based on individual needs and use reminders, either through apps or alarms, to help you stay on track. Aim to drink small amounts of water throughout the day rather than relying on large quantities consumed all at once.
  • Use technology and apps to simplify the tracking process: Take advantage of mobile apps and wearable devices that can automate the tracking process and provide additional features like personalized water intake recommendations. Some apps even offer visual reminders, progress charts, and hydration streaks to motivate consistent hydration.
  • Experiment with different strategies: Find what works best for you in terms of tracking and staying hydrated. It may take some trial and error to identify the most effective approach. For example, you may find that carrying a water bottle with you at all times helps you stay mindful of your consumption.
  • Seek medical advice and guidance if needed: If you have concerns about your hydration levels or the impact on your migraine attacks, consult a healthcare professional who can provide personalized guidance. They can help determine your specific hydration needs and offer tailored recommendations.


Proper hydration is crucial for managing migraine attacks. By understanding the link between dehydration and migraine attacks, tracking and maintaining adequate water intake, and being mindful of individual hydration needs, individuals can support their migraine management efforts. Let’s prioritize hydration in our journey towards better migraine management.

Jenny from Migraine Buddy

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